One of the most widely used plant extracts is rosemary, scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis, which is derived from the Latin word ros (dew) and marinus (sea). It belongs to the mint family, which includes sage, lavender, basil and myrtle. It has leaves that look like flat pine needles with silver touches, and has a citrusy, woody aroma.
It is believed that Mother Mary has spread her blue cloak over a bush while she stopped to rest. This turned the white flowers to blue. From then on, the herb has been known as the “Rose of Mary.”
In the earlier times, rosemary was considered sacred by the Romans, Hebrews, Greeks and Egyptians. In the Middle Ages, this shrub was used to ward off evil spirits and even to protect the people from the plague.